Have you ever stopped to wonder what life would have been like when there wasn’t a calculator to perform the arithmetical operations for people?
It surely sends a shiver down your spine to even imagine the horror of having to survive without a calculator.
But in the present times, it wouldn’t be wrong to state that our lives can turn just as scary if there wasn’t Microsoft Excel at our disposal to offer the convenience of data analysis that includes a lot more than basic mathematical functions.
Expertise in excel is no longer an option but is gradually turning into a necessity if you want your resume to compete well against the rest of the candidates.
It isn’t even a matter of your particular line of work anymore.
You could be a doctor, an engineer, an IT professional, or even an academic; it is next to impossible for you to ignore the importance of learning Microsoft Excel.
Now that you have landed on this page, we take it that you have decided to improve your Excel skills with the very basics like finding square root in excel, performing the fundamental mathematical operations, etc. If so, you are likely to find this tutorial very helpful in taking a step closer towards expertise in using the program.
This tutorial is aimed at highlighting how to square a number in excel and how to do square root in excel.
Square And Square Root Of A Number – A Simple Definition
Of course, it’s not a math class.
But we still decided to start from scratch. In the simplest of terms, a square of a number can be defined as the multiplication of the very number by itself.
So, if someone asked you to square the number “4”, all you will have to do is multiply 4 with 4 to get “16” as your answer. Similarly, the square root of a number, say “16”, is a number that produces “16” when it is multiplied by itself. Since 4 multiplied by 4 is “16”, the number “4” will be the square root of “16”.
How To Find Square root in excel?
Considering the example mentioned above, it is evident that finding the square root of a number is quite convenient.
However, it is only so as long as you are dealing with the smaller numbers.
What if you had to handle a huge chunk of data that has larger numbers in the range of hundreds and thousands and you were to find their square roots?
Mind it that we are not referring to the rare scenarios.
Having to deal with such numbers is a common practice when it comes to data analysis. Square root excel formula, however, offers an easier and time-effective way to go about it.
Here are the steps that you can follow to find square root of a number in excel.
- Launch Microsoft Excel on your device. Click on the “Create new sheet” button to start working on a new spreadsheet.
- Double click on a cell of your choice to enter editing mode.
- For the sake of this example, let’s say that you want to calculate the square root of the number “64”.
- Type in the following excel square root formula in your selected cell:
- This is it. Once you press enter or click on a different cell, you will now be able to see the answer in this cell. Since 8 multiplied by 8 is “64”, the cell will display the number “8” as the square root of “64”.
Remember that much like the other functions in Microsoft Excel, square root can also be applied using the cell labels instead of the numbers.
For instance, if you had inserted the number “64” in cell A1, you could also have used the following formula for excel square root.
An important thing to remember when you are dealing with square root in excel is that a different formula is to be used when you are handling negative numbers. For instance, if you wish to find the square root of “-64” in excel, using the SQRT formula given above will return an error #NUM!
This, however, doesn’t imply that Microsoft Excel is incapable of calculating the square root of negative numbers. It’s just that there’s a different excel root formula to be used in such circumstances.
While the rest of the steps remain identical, the following formula is helpful when it comes to finding the square root of a negative number in Microsoft Excel.
Where A4 represents the cell in which you have inserted a negative number as shown in the picture given above.
How To Square A Number In Excel?
Now that you are familiar with how to do square root in excel, it is time that you familiarize yourself with squaring any given number as well. As mentioned earlier, squaring a number is simple enough when you are dealing with smaller numbers like “4” or “9”. But when it comes to the larger ones like, say “109”, it is next to impossible for an average human mind to think of its square in a time-effective fashion.
Using square in excel is convenient. You can follow these steps to find a square in excel.
- Launch Microsoft Excel on your device. Click on the “Create new sheet” button to open a new spreadsheet and enter your data.
- Click on a cell of your choice to select it. Double click for editing mode to enter the data.
- Suppose that you wish to calculate the square of the number “44”.
- Type in the following formula in your selected cell to find the square of “44” in excel.
- After inserting the formula, once you press enter or click on a different cell, this cell will now show the square of “44”. As shown in the image given above, the cell B2 uses the formula and shows “1936” as the answer.
As were in the case of square root, the square in excel is also applicable directly with the use of cell labels instead of the individual numbers. So for instance, the following formula could also be used to calculate the square of 44 in the example given above:
This will square the number entered in cell A2, i-e, “44”.
Using The Square Formula To Find Square root in excel
The best part of using the square formula in excel is that it doesn’t only help in finding the square of a given number, but the same formula can also be used with minor changes to find the square root of a given number instead. Suppose that you want to find the square root of the number “64” using the square formula in excel. You can use the following steps to perform this task.
- Launch Microsoft Excel and create a new spreadsheet to enter your desired data.
- Click on a cell of your choice to insert the data.
- Now type in the following formula to calculate the square root of the number “64” using the square in excel.
As always, the same formula can also be applied to the cell label in order to find the square root of the inserted number using the square formula. You can use the following formula to do this:
Here, A3 represents the cell that has the value for which you want the formula to calculate the square root.
What’s interesting about using the square formula in excel is that it is applicable not only for excel square root but also for the nth root of any given number. For instance, if you would like to find the cubic root of the given number, you can use the following formula instead:
Take a look at the image given below for better understanding.
Similarly, you can replace the 3 in this formula with 4, 5, 6, etc. to find the nth root of a given number in Microsoft Excel. You can also replace A4 (cell label) with any given number in this formula to directly find its nth root as well.
Now that you have been thoroughly introduced to the square root excel and finding the square of a given number in Microsoft Excel, it is time that you open your data set in Excel and start practicing what you have learned in this tutorial.
Remember that things are quite easy to learn in Excel but it is only with practice that you can master the use of different formulas.
So make sure to not be ignorant of applying everything that you have learned for better understanding.
We have tried our best to be as elaborate and easier to understand as we could. If you still find yourself with a query, however, please feel free to leave a comment and our experts will reach out to you at their earliest convenience.